Many times we need to check a file's size, its last-modified date, its location, or we may require its fully qualified path in short (8.3) notation.
Arguably CMD's most versatile internal command to the rescue: FOR.
FOR %%? IN (file_to_be_queried) DO ( ECHO File Name Only : %%~n? ECHO File Extension : %%~x? ECHO Name in 8.3 notation : %%~sn? ECHO File Attributes : %%~a? ECHO Located on Drive : %%~d? ECHO File Size : %%~z? ECHO Last-Modified Date : %%~t? ECHO Parent Folder : %%~dp? ECHO Fully Qualified Path : %%~f? ECHO FQP in 8.3 notation : %%~sf? ECHO Location in the PATH : %%~dp$PATH:? )
|Notes:||1:||Not all of these properties can be read this way in every Windows version.
With every new Windows version, more options became available.
|2:||These properties can only be read if the file exists and can be found.
Open a command prompt and go to a directory, assuming D:\ for the sake of this explanation.
Now try this command:
It will show you notepad.exe's fully qualified path regardless of the current directory (because notepad.exe is located in a folder that is in the PATH).
This will show you a fully qualified path as if notepad were located in the current directory, e.g.
So make sure the file to be queried is either in the current directory, or use its fully qualified path, or use
Many of these properties can be combined, as is shown for the
s option (short, or 8.3 notation).
Play with it, experiment, and learn. Have fun.
page last modified: 2017-08-25