Rob van der Woude's Scripting Pages


Windows NT 4 Syntax

Copies files and directory trees.

XCOPY source [destination] [/A | /M] [/C] [/D[:date]] [/F] [/H] [/I] [/K] [/L] [/N] [/P] [/Q] [/R] [/S [/E]] [/T] [/U] [/V] [/W] [/Z] [/EXCLUDE:filename]
source Specifies the file(s) to copy.
destination Specifies the location and/or name of new files.
/A Copies files with the archive attribute set, doesn't change the attribute.
/B Copies the symbolic link instead of the files (Windows Vista and later).
/C Continues copying even if errors occur.
/D[:m-d-y] Copies files changed on or after the specified date.
If no date is given, copies only those files whose source time is newer than the destination time.
/E Copies directories and subdirectories, including empty ones.
Same as /S /E. May be used to modify /T.
/F Displays full source and destination file names while copying.
/H Copies hidden and system files also.
/I If destination does not exist and copying more than one file, assumes that destination must be a directory.
/J Copies files without buffering. Recommended for very large files (Windows Server 2008 R2/Windows 7 and later).
/K Copies attributes. Normal Xcopy will reset read-only attributes.
/L Displays files that would be copied (list only).
/M Copies files with the archive attribute set, turns off the archive attribute.
/N Copies using the generated short names.
/P Prompts you before creating each destination file.
/Q Does not display file names while copying.
/R Overwrites read-only files.
/S Copies directories and subdirectories except empty ones.
/T Creates directory structure, but does not copy files.
Does not include empty directories or subdirectories.
/T /E includes empty directories and subdirectories.
/U Copies only files that already exist in destination.
/V Verifies each new file.
/W Prompts you to press a key before copying.
/Z Copies networked files in restartable mode.
/EXCLUDE:filename Excludes the files listed in the specified file from the copy operation.
The exclusion file can have a list of exclusion patterns (one per line, no wild card characters are supported).
If any exclusion pattern in the file matches any part of the path of a subject file, that file is not copied.



Copy only files older than Christmas day 2000:

FOR /F "tokens=1* delims=:" %%A IN ('XCOPY *.* D:\Mydir /D:12-25-2000 /H /I /L /R ˆ| FIND ":"') DO (>>%TEMP%.\exclude.lst ECHO.%%B)
XCOPY *.* D:\Mydir /EXCLUDE:%TEMP%.\exclude.lst /H /I /R

Delete files created or modified after Christmas 2000:

FOR /F "tokens=1* delims=:" %%A IN ('XCOPY *.* D:\Emptydir /D:12-26-2000 /H /I /L /R ˆ| FIND ":"') DO DEL /F %%B


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